Keeping some petty cash around in the office will make it quicker and easier to buy small things that dont hurt your business. Do the initial setup that includes appointing a custodian, obtaining a cashbox, and training staff. Petty cash book format example definition explanation. For smallscale business, simple petty cash book is sufficient but on a medium or large scale business number of petty expenses increases hence it is desirable to have the separate record for each type of petty expenses. Most businesses allow their employees access to a petty cash fund to make small purchases that would be a hassle to put through company accounts individually. Mr criddle told the court that one of thompsons responsibilities as senior business support officer was dealing with the petty cash. Small or large companies maintain 2 types of petty cash book for all cash. Meaning of petty cash book, its importance and advantages. For free distribution 83 the following facts are discussed in this chapter.
Petty cash book explanation, format, example, ordinary and imprest. Receipts are recorded on the debit the left hand side, and payments are recorded on the credit right hand side. Hey thanks, great video and pretty clear explanation. Accounting and procedures for petty cash accounting guide. Using imprest, the petty cash of a company is kept at a constant rate. Discuss the causes for difference between the balances of pass book and cash book. Petty cash book definition the petty cash book is defined as relatively small amount of cash kept at hand for making quick payments for miscellaneous small expenses in the business concern. Uses of petty cash book its a cash book used to enter daily petty expenses like cost of stationery, postage and xerox copy and so on. Petty cash book definition, types, format, examples imprest and. A current asset account that represents an amount of cash for making small disbursements for postage due, supplies, etc. He put receipts into the petty cash so that it would appear that the money was being used for proper purposes, but, in fact, it was being stolen by him.
Any mistake in the book can be easily detected at the time of verification of cash. Petty cash book is a type of cash book, which use to record small amount of receipts and payment. Sep 19, 2019 petty cash or the petty cash fund is a small amount of cash on hand used for paying expenses too small to merit writing a check. It works as a book of original entry as well as a ledger account. Explain the meaning of cash book, pass book, and petty cash book. Petty cash book is an accounting book used for recording expenses which are small and of little value, for example, stamps, postage and handling, stationery, carriage, daily wages, etc. Accounting for petty cash explanation, related controls and. When the cashier requests for reimbursement of petty cash, he creates a petty cash voucher detailing the payments made through petty cash during the. Petty cash balance after reimbursement reverts to back to the level of the float.
Read this article to learn about the recording of transactions in cash book and journal. In most cases, the petty cash book is an actual ledger book, rather than a computer record. A company typically uses petty cash to make small purchases or reimburse employees for minor expenditures. What is a cash book definition, explanation and types. In most cases, the petty cash book is an actual ledger book, rather than a. Each employee wishing to make a purchase should go through this representative, rather than leaving the. Petty cash is the small amount of cash that is kept on hand by a company to pay for minor, inexpensive purchases during the normal course of operations. Petty cash book is a type of cash book that is used to record minor regular expenditures such as office teas, bus fares, fuel, newspapers, cleaning, pins, and causal labor etc. Most businesses use petty cash for this, monitoring payments in a petty cash book. There might be a petty cash drawer or box in each department for. Petty cash is a small amount of cash on hand used for paying expenses too small to merit writing a check. Proper usage and audio pronunciation plus ipa phonetic transcription of the word petty cash. The difference between the total of the debit items and that of the total column on the credit represents the balance of the petty cash in hand.
Cash includes currency and coins, although most businesses do not keep much of this type of cash around. The entries related to receipt and payment of cash are first recorded in the cash book and then posted to the relevant ledger accounts. This is the only amount of cash that is not immediately deposited in the bank account after it is received. A small amount of cash kept on hand by a business for incidental expenses. Accounting and procedures for petty cash accounting.
Meaning of petty cash book a petty cash book is one in which all petty or small payments made through petty cash fund are recorded systematically. The debit column is used for entering the balance of cash in the hand of petty cashier at the beginning of the period and the amount received from the head cashier. Apr 07, 2020 petty cash book the cash book as seen above is used for recording all major payments. What are the advantages of using the imprest system.
Petty cash book is maintained to record small expenses such as postage, stationery, telegram. Petty cash book can be maintained either in a simple or in analytical way. Each month, accountants or other employees will need to balance petty cash and replenish the funds. At any time, the total of petty cash balance and all expenditures that have not been reimbursed to the petty cashier is equal to the agreed float. Petty cash is the small cash reserves that businesses keep on the. In almost all businesses, it is found necessary to keep small sums of ready money with thecashier or petty cashier for the purpose of meeting small expenses such as postage, telegrams, stationary and office sundries etc. Youll need to nominate a petty cash manager, typically an accountant, bookkeeper or other supervisor to oversee operations and collect receipts, if necessary. Petty cash book definition of petty cash book by the free. Recording of transaction in cash book and journal with.
When a business doesnt provide access to company credit cards, or employees would rather not wait to be reimbursed for purchases, using petty cash is a simple alternative. A petty cash book is generally maintained on a columnar basis a separate column being allotted for each type of expenditure. The most common way of accounting for petty cash expenditures is to use the imprest system. Sep 30, 2019 is the petty cash box a help or a hindrance. While today we generally use petty to mean unimportant or trivial, the phrase petty cash uses its original meaning, small. These small expenditures are usually paid using coins and currency notes rather than checks. But, in every business a number of petty small payment like that for postage, carriage, stationery, entertainment, cartage, conveyance etc. How the imprest system of petty cash book works your.
Petty cash is often used to pay for postage, small office supplies, and other small purchases. If you would like to download the petty cash book handout then please visit our. The employee, who keeps the petty cash book, is called petty cashier. As the petty cashier cannot draw as and when he likes, it prevents unnecessary accumulation of cash in his hand thus the chances of defalcation of cash are minimised.
Petty cash or the petty cash fund is a small amount of cash on hand used for paying expenses too small to merit writing a check. Relatively small amount of cash kept at hand for making immediate payments for miscellaneous small expenses. When an analytical petty cash book is maintained for recording the petty expenses, it will be practically more convenient to consider the petty cash as a separate account and take cheques issued for the petty cash imprest as a debit to petty cash account and all petty expenses paid as credits in petty cash account. A separate column is allotted for each type of expenditure. Petty cash book the cash book as seen above is used for recording all major payments. The petty cash book is a book of vouchers which are made each time an expense is made from petty cash money. The petty cash book is a formal summarization of petty cash expenditures, sorted by date.
Thus, the book is part of a manual recordkeeping system. Summary petty cash is small in amount but big in complexity. In this video, i will teach you about petty cash book. For this purpose, a petty cashier is appointed by the chief cashier. Information about petty cash in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Petty cash book definition of petty cash book by the. The petty cash summary can be used to tally up daily totals of money received or spent. For smallscale business, simple petty cash book is sufficient but on a. Recording of transaction in cash book and journal with specimen. Petty cash is a small amount of discretionary funds in the form of cash used for expenditures. The additional analysis columns are used to analyze expenditures as they arise. For example, the iedunote company decided to increase the petty cash fund. As the petty cashier has to account for his expenses, before he can draw further sums, the petty cash book remains up to date.
The petty cash book is ruled in the form of the single column cash book with an amount column and addition oat columns for the more usual classes of expenditure. Feb 24, 20 summary petty cash is small in amount but big in complexity. Any defalcation of money can be detected while verifying cash. The small cash transactions taking place a significant number of times daily if recorded in a general cash book may make it. The cash book and 8 the petty cash book ethaksalawa. These are expenses which are incurred day after day.
The small amount of extra money a business keeps on hand is known as petty cash. Moreover, a cash book is a substitute for cash account in the ledger. Vicki, the petty cash custodian, reimbursed the employees for the expenses incurred and obtained petty cash vouchers and purchase receipts from the employees. The petty cash fund is an accounting tool that helps you to manage and track small purchases that are not appropriate to make a check payment or using your credit card. Is there a better way to solve the small expenditure dilemma.
Accounting for petty cash explanation, related controls. The amount of petty cash also known as the petty cash fund varies by company or organization. Petty cash book is maintained by the petty cashier. There are two primary types of entries in the petty cash b. Petty cash is an easy to understand and familiar method of paying for company expenses. Many expenses of small nature are recorded in petty cash book. As head cashier checks the accounts of previous month and gives advance for the coming month, thus, errors if any are reduced. Petty cash accounting procedures reconciliation uses.
Petty cash book definition, types, format, examples. There are numerous small payments on account of expenses like stationery, cartage, coolie hire, refreshments to guests etc. A petty cash fund is established by transferring a specified amount of cash from the general checking account to a person who is given custodial responsibility for the fund explanation. Also included as a part of cash are the balances kept at banking and financial institutions. Petty cash book is an accounting book used for recording expenses which are small and of little value, for example, stamps, postage and handling, stationery, carriage, daily wages, etc these are expenses which are incurred day after day. A cash book is a type of subsidiary book where cash or bank receipts and cash or bank payments made during a period are recorded in a chronological order. Totals are carried forward from page to page until the end of the periods. Here are some advantages and disadvantages to using petty cash as an expense management solution. Adams petty cash 2part carbonless receipts book, 2. Cash in hand at any time can easily be ascertained through cash book balance. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Disburse cash for expenditures during the month, three employees john, kathy, and amanda made small businessrelated purchases. Cash book records all receipts of and payments in cash. Uses of petty cash book its a cash book used to enter daily petty. It is another cash book which is maintained, generally, in large business concerns to reduce the burden of main cash book, in which numerous transactions involving petty small amounts are recorded. Mar, 2018 the petty cash book is a formal summarization of petty cash expenditures, sorted by date. A petty cashier receives a fixed amount of money from the head cashier with which he meets petty expenses of a certain period and records in chronological order of dates in the petty cash book. Daily cash receipts and cash payments are easily ascertained. When creating a petty cash account, be sure to document the origin of the cash you use to start with, and also keep a petty cash book to track your every petty cash purchases. It is an accessible, convenient way to pay for small purchases. Oct 24, 2017 in this video, i will teach you about petty cash book.
Petty cash definition, explanation and journal entries. The advantages of using the imprest system are versatility, accountability, practicality, limitation of theft, ease of use and limitation of expenditure. Word in my language imprest system ledger payments petty cash small. The cash book is used to record receipts and payments of cash. The system is a form of managing petty cash in a business. Petty cash is defined as a small amount of money set aside to cover for. If you let your workers dip in and out of your petty cash reserves, its wise to.
Examples of petty cash controls include a limit such as 10% of the total fund on. How the imprest system of petty cash book works your business. Every time a payment is made through petty cash, it is recorded in the petty cash register usually by the cashier. Petty cash refers to a small amount of currency and coins that a company uses to pay small amounts without writing a check. Explain the meaning, need and importance of bank reconciliation statement. Petty cash article about petty cash by the free dictionary. In most companies, there are many occasions in which a small amount of cash must be spent on short notice. If you work at your aunts hardware store, she may give you ten dollars out of petty cash to buy all the employees donuts. Usually the deposits into bank accounts maintained by a business firm, withdrawals from such accounts and cheque payments are also recorded in the cash book.
These balances include savings and checking accounts. Mar 25, 2018 simple petty cashbook example solution 2. The amount of reimbursement is equal to the expenses paid through petty cash since the time of last reimbursement. The petty cash book has declined in importance, as companies are. Petty cash book is a formal summarization of petty cash expenditures, sorted by date. In big business firms, all payments are made by cheques and all receipts are banked. Petty expenses are recorded in petty cash book in chronological order of dates instead of the cash book. Petty cash book meaning, cash book vs petty cash book. Create the guidelines that will clarify how your organization will handle its petty cash. The main advantages of petty cash book publish your article.441 1400 1426 133 4 901 834 335 1408 1245 1384 657 653 792 1078 625 1083 1231 169 1408 376 237 508 918 1399 1479 1428 608 1419 1406 206 573 428 1373 195 609